php 怎么实现单链表

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php 怎么实现单链表

php实现单链表的方法:首先写出链表节点的类;然后在链表中还定义两个方法,分别是插入和删除;接着获取链表长度并添加节点数据;最后获取节点名字并进行删除或更新操作即可。

本文操作环境:Windows7系统、PHP7.1、Dell G3电脑。

用PHP实现的单链表

单链表顾名思义就是一个链式数据结构,它有一个表头,并且除了最后一个节点外,所有节点都有其后继节点。如下图。

首先,我们写出链表节点的类。单链表中的每一个节点,都保存其数据域和后驱指针

//链表节点 
class node { 
    public $id; //节点id 
    public $name; //节点名称 
    public $next; //下一节点 
   
    public function __construct($id, $name) { 
        $this->id = $id; 
        $this->name = $name; 
        $this->next = null; 
    } 
}

链表中还有两个特别重要的方法,插入和删除。插入需要找到插入的位置,把前一个元素的next指针指向被插入的节点,并将被插入节点的next指针指向后一个节点,如下图左侧所示。而删除则是把前一个节点的next指针指向后一个节点,并返回被删除元素的数据内容,如下图右侧所示。

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//单链表 
class singelLinkList { 
    private $header; //链表头节点 
   
    //构造方法 
    public function __construct($id = null, $name = null) { 
        $this->header = new node ( $id, $name, null ); 
    } 
 
    //获取链表长度 
    public function getLinkLength() { 
        $i = 0; 
        $current = $this->header; 
        while ( $current->next != null ) { 
            $i ++; 
            $current = $current->next; 
        } 
        return $i; 
    } 
 
    //添加节点数据 
    public function addLink($node) { 
        $current = $this->header; 
        while ( $current->next != null ) { 
            if ($current->next->id > $node->id) { 
                break; 
            } 
            $current = $current->next; 
        } 
        $node->next = $current->next; 
        $current->next = $node; 
    } 
 
    //删除链表节点 
    public function delLink($id) { 
        $current = $this->header; 
        $flag = false; 
        while ( $current->next != null ) { 
            if ($current->next->id == $id) { 
                $flag = true; 
                break; 
            } 
            $current = $current->next; 
        } 
        if ($flag) { 
            $current->next = $current->next->next; 
        } else { 
            echo "未找到id=" . $id . "的节点!<br>"; 
        } 
    }
 
    //判断连表是否为空
    public function isEmpty(){
            return $this->header == null;
    }
 
    //清空链表
    public function clear(){
            $this->header = null;
    } 
 
    //获取链表 
    public function getLinkList() { 
        $current = $this->header; 
        if ($current->next == null) { 
            echo ("链表为空!"); 
            return; 
        } 
        while ( $current->next != null ) { 
            echo 'id:' . $current->next->id . '   name:' . $current->next->name . "<br>"; 
            if ($current->next->next == null) { 
                break; 
            } 
            $current = $current->next; 
        } 
    } 
 
    //获取节点名字 
    public function getLinkNameById($id) { 
        $current = $this->header; 
        if ($current->next == null) { 
            echo "链表为空!"; 
            return; 
        } 
        while ( $current->next != null ) { 
            if ($current->id == $id) { 
                break; 
            } 
            $current = $current->next; 
        } 
        return $current->name; 
    } 
 
    //更新节点名称 
    public function updateLink($id, $name) { 
        $current = $this->header; 
        if ($current->next == null) { 
            echo "链表为空!"; 
            return; 
        } 
        while ( $current->next != null ) { 
            if ($current->id == $id) { 
                break; 
            } 
            $current = $current->next; 
        } 
        return $current->name = $name; 
    } 
}
$lists = new singelLinkList (); 
$lists->addLink ( new node ( 5, 'eeeeee' ) ); 
$lists->addLink ( new node ( 1, 'aaaaaa' ) ); 
$lists->addLink ( new node ( 6, 'ffffff' ) ); 
$lists->addLink ( new node ( 4, 'dddddd' ) ); 
$lists->addLink ( new node ( 3, 'cccccc' ) ); 
$lists->addLink ( new node ( 2, 'bbbbbb' ) ); 
$lists->getLinkList (); 
echo "<br>-----------删除节点--------------<br>"; 
$lists->delLink ( 5 ); 
$lists->getLinkList ();
echo "<br>-----------更新节点名称--------------<br>"; 
$lists->updateLink ( 3, "222222" ); 
$lists->getLinkList ();
echo "<br>-----------获取节点名称--------------<br>"; 
echo $lists->getLinkNameById ( 5 );
echo "<br>-----------获取链表长度--------------<br>"; 
echo $lists->getLinkLength ();
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